What is the status of Muslims currently living in the West in the light of Islamic legal theory? What are their roles and responsibilities to the countries of which they see themselves as integral parts? Has there been a change on how Muslim scholars discussed a ‘minority’ presence in ‘non-Muslim’ lands in the past and the present, and can we envisage further changes in religious fatwas given the ongoing prejudice that such communities feel they are subject to?

The rise of new civil movements based on ‘left wing’ ideology have provided vitality to aspects of Muslim engagement with wider society, yet it is also undeniable that this also sits uncomfortable with more conservative trends within religious discourse in general. 

The presence of Muslim populations in lands that have majority non-Muslim citizens has in recent memory also given rise to what is referred to as ‘The Fiqh of Minorities’. For its proponents, this is a new area of Islamic law dealing with those legal cases and issues which have widespread relevance and require urgent attention for Muslims living in a situation of being a minority since such issues are now considered to be unavoidable. (Umum al-balwa). 

Areas covered:

This course will take an in depth and nuanced look at: Ideas of citizenship and identity politics; ‘The Fiqh of Minorities’, The methodology of Islamic law and issue of minorities rights; Debates on Dar al-Islam and Dar al-Harb; General criticisms of Western Muslim’s exceptionalism; ‘Salafi’ and ‘Traditionalist ‘scholar’s fatawa on ‘Minority’ status.

The module will include selected Case studies:

Fighting for non-Muslim state Militaries against Muslim states; The permissibility of Muslims’ permanent residence in non-Muslim countries; The wife in a marriage embracing Islam; Interest based loans; Inheritance from non-Muslim relatives.

Islam in the West - The Rise and Fall of Minority Fiqh

Watch the course trailer.


Shaykh Ruzwan Mohammed is a Sunni theologian and scholar. A graduate in Geopolitics and Arabic from the University of Glasgow, he has studied with a wide array of leading scholars in the Muslim world. As part of his formal Islamic training, he graduated from the Fat’h Islamic Law College in Damascus, graduating from the prestigious 6-year program with a distinction of merit, achieving overall 1st position in his year of graduation.


"The course revealed the work that needs to be done by the ummah in the West. Shaykh Ruzwan delivered complex concepts with precision and wit and made it understandable and accessible."

"I really enjoyed the whole course. The effort and planning put in was clearly phenomenal. I feel very blessed to have been able to attend."

"I found it very interesting to see shaykh Ruzwan discuss currency today and how contracts can be leveraged in order to benefit the ummah. Scholars don’t speak about or share this view in the English language."

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is this Online Course for?

This course is designed for students who are concerned with the intersections of Islamic law, Social studies and strategizing how to thrive in minority situations. Some prior knowledge of Islamic legal theory would be useful to fully benefit from the course. 

Are there any course notes available?

Course slides will be available to download 

How long do I have access to the lessons?

From the date of registration you will have 12 months access to the course.